Duvalierist State, The


  • Trouillot, M.-R. (1982). Motion in the System: Coffee, Color, and Slavery in Eighteenth-Century Saint-Domingue. Review (Fernand Braudel Center), 5(3), 57. https://www.jstor.org/stable/40240909
  • Smith, M. (2009). Red and Black in Haiti | Matthew J. Smith. https://uncpress.org/book/9780807859377/red-and-black-in-haiti/


  • At the end of Matthew Smith’s book, he talked about the trauma a lot of Haitians felt after the fall of Jean-Claude Duvalier’s regime, trauma that attempted to erase not only all physical vestiges of the regime but also a forced amnesia ensued amongst the general public.
  • It’s legit to talk about what the Duvalier regime did to the Haitians, we also have to admit what a lot of Haitians did to other Haitians using the Duvalier regime. The only true victims are the peasantry.
  • We don’t talk about Bruno. Some Haitians also don’t talk about Duvalier because they were complicit and benefited from the meager largesse of the regimes,