Politique de doublure


  • Haitian historians came up with this term. Literally, it translates as “government by understudies”. Meaning, powerful people put unqualified bureaucrats in government positions to benefit the former’s interests.
  • Trouillot gives us several examples of Haitian presidents who were installed to power via politique de doublure.
  • To consolidate their own powers, mulâtre puppet masters like Ardouin, Beaubrun and his brothers, for example, secretly installed several dark-skinned presidents—Guerrier, Philippe (1844-45), Pierrot, Jean-Louis (1845-46), and Riché, Jean-Baptiste (1846-47).